Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are caused by cuts in the mouth being exposed to bacteria. This can occur by sharing personal items with an infected person such as razors, utensils, toothbrushes and towels. Fever blisters can also appear if you kiss an infected person or exchange saliva.
Fever blisters appear as a small group of tiny blisters which contain a watery, pus-like substance. When the blister breaks, a crust forms.The crust disappears after several days to two weeks.
About 80% of people have the virus that causes cold sores. This virus is called the herpes simplex virus (HSV-1), with most people being infected before they are 10-years-old.
When you are diagnosed with the virus, symptoms can last from one to two weeks. The first symptoms of cold sores may include pain around the mouth crevice, a fever, a sore throat, and swollen glands in your neck and other parts of the body.The virus is highly contagious and oftentimes children catch it from their parents. Further, children often drool before a cold sore appears.
Cold sores can be prevented by using sunscreen on your lips caused by sun exposure, and there are antiviral medicines which you can take. Children can avoid getting cold sores by avoiding kisses from infected or recently-infected people. In fact, it is advised that you disclose to all friends and family members that you would appreciate if they didn’t kiss your child. After all, children are susceptible to infections due to their undeveloped immune system.
Teenagers also frequently get fever blisters due to their excessive exposure to the sun, not getting enough rest, eating unhealthy foods and not managing stress.
To treat cold sores, there are not many options. Medicines have the power to eliminate symptoms but once you have the blisters, there is not much you can do except keep the area clean and moisturised with a natural solution like BioSeal and other teenage skin care products like Fenistil and Abreva. Additionally, always wash your hands, avoid touching the infected area, and do not break the crusts over the sores.
Take medication or antibiotics to prevent fever blisters if you have a weakened immune system due to illness, or if you are prone to infections like herpes.
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